Turbidity is a measurement of solid matter being suspended in water, rather than dissolved into it. If water is turbid it appears to be cloudy, so is a visual guide to water quality.
Aquaread’s turbidity sensor is designed to give a measure of suspended particles in a sample of water. It achieves this by emitting infra-red light into the sample and measuring the incident light scattered at right angles from the particles in the sample.
This electrode employs a Nephelometric technique in accordance with ISO 7027, which uses Formazin as a reference standard. The Aquameter displays turbidity in Nephelometric Turbidity Units (NTU) which are nominally equivalent to Formazin Turbidity Units (FTU).
Our Turbidity can be installed on many of our probes, below are some examples. To see all of the probes that can house the turbidity sensor please visit the Products section.
The turbidity sensor can be used in the AP-LITE for a single parameter setup, where turbidity measurement is the only requirement. The sensor can also be used in all of our multiparameter Aquaprobes and Aquasondes where larger data acquisition is required.
The turbidity sensor is designed and manufactured by Aquaread in the UK. We take every care to ensure the highest quality at an industry-leading price point.
Installing the turbidity sensor into an Aquaprobe is a very simple process. Simply unscrew the blanking plug from an appropriate aux socket, apply some silicon grease to the thread of the turbidity sensor (grease provided), and screw in the sensor. Full calibration is required after installation.
Here at Aquaread, ease of use factors into each and every one of our products. This ethos extends to the calibration process.
Basic calibration for the sensor involves calibrating at both 0NTU and 1000NTU. Simply put the probe into the desired solution, select the correct calibration point from the calibration menu, and press OK. The Aquameter will do the rest, checking it’s in the correct solution and checking for stability prior to completing the calibration.
If your application requires high accuracy at the low end of the measurement scale, a 20NTU calibration point is also available.
Turbidity water testing is an important part of water quality maintenance. Increased levels of turbidity raises water temperatures, because heat is absorbed by the suspended particles. Warm water holds less dissolved oxygen than cold, so increased water temperatures result in decreased levels of dissolved oxygen.
Higher turbidity also reduces the amount of light that can penetrate the water, therefore reducing photosynthesis and the production of dissolved oxygen. Higher turbidity can have a negative effect on the ecosystem in the affected body of water.
Sudden changes in turbidity may be an indication of the emergence of a new pollution source, or with drinking water there may be an issue in the treatment process.
A turbidimeter works by sending a light beam into the water to be tested. This light will then be scattered by any suspended particles. A light detector is placed at a 90 degree angle to the light source, and detects the amount of light that is reflected back at it. The amount of light reflected is used to determine the particle density within the water. The more light that is detected, the more particles are present in the water.
To use Aquaread’s turbidity sensor, first install it into your probe of choice, then perform a full calibration of the 0 and 1000NTU calibration point. Once calibrated it’s good to go. Simply put the probe into the body of water, allow the reading to stabilise and take your measurement.
Turbidity is a very common water quality parameter because its easy to measure and because it can have such a big effect on the ecosystems present in the water. Turbidity monitoring is particularly important if large scale building works are being carried out close to an open water way. It is very common in this situation to monitor turbidity for a period of a few weeks prior to building works commence, in order to characterise a baseline turbidity level and usual fluctuation caused by rainfall etc.
The monitoring should then continue during the building work and for a few weeks after its complete. Data collected from this kind of study can be provided to the Environment Agency to prove that your building works have not adversely affected the nearby water system.